samedi 1 octobre 2016

Technologie et techniques au NIMR

Technology, Techniques, and Technicians at the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR) c.1960-c.2000



Overy C and Tansey E M. (eds) (2016)




Wellcome Witnesses to Contemporary Medicine, vol. 59. 
London: Queen Mary University of London.
ISBN 978 1 91019 5161



With an introduction by Dr Jim Smith, the last Director of the NIMR at Mill Hill, this Witness Seminar looks at the work of the technicians who supported the scientific research at the Institute in the latter half of the twentieth century. The participants, many of whom spent some, or all, of their careers at the NIMR, discuss topics such as innovations and achievements, techniques and technology, health and safety, social life, and the changing attitudes towards research and funding.

Bourses du Deutsches Museum

Deutsches Museum Scholar-in-Residence Program

Call for applications

The Deutsches Museum in Munich has several attractive scholarships to offer research scholars interested in working for six or 12 months on projects involving the museum`s vast and heterogeneous collections. The scholarship programme is international and interdisciplinary in scope.

There are myriad opportunities at the Deutsches Museum for innovative research into scientific processes and the changing cultures of technology. Founded in 1903, the museum's holdings comprise some 100,000 objects; an archive of 4,500 shelf metres including an extensive collection of scientific photographs, technical illustrations, trade literature and private papers; and a specialist research library with 875,000 volumes, 5,000 journals, and an extensive collection of rare books on te history of science and technology. The museum's collections have evolved over the years, absorbing the instruments, books and archives of individual scientists and engineers as well as of companies and scientific institutions, and reflect bygone experimental systems and cultures of innovation. The unique structure of this collection enables scholars to develop innovative cross-disciplinary methods of research on the basis of texts, images and artefacts available on site and to engage in both the historical and archaeological exploration of science and technology.

Applicants are invited to base their projects on the collections of the Deutsches Museum and to cooperate closely with museum staff on site when formulating their research proposals. Projects involving innovative approaches to artefact-oriented research are especially welcome.

During their stay, visiting scholars will have daily contact with the museum´s curators, archivists and librarians (approx. 50 staff members) as well as members of the Münchner Zentrum für Wissenschafts- und Technikgeschichte (Munich Center for the History of Science and Technology; approx. 50 staff members).
Scholarship holders will have their own workplace with a desktop computer and telephone, and the opportunity to reside temporarily in subsidized apartments of the museum complex insofar as these are available. They will present their research projects to colleagues at the beginning of their stay and will be expected to participate regularly in the museum’s and the Munich Centre’s Monday colloquium series and workshops.

Pre-doctoral stipends: € 7,500 (six months) / € 15,000 (full year). Post-doctoral stipends: € 15,000 (six months) / € 30,000 (full year). Scholars at any level of seniority are eligible to apply, provided they have at least one university degree. There are no restrictions regarding nationality. All scholars are requested to make their own provisions for health insurance.
  • Application deadline: 16 October 2015

Please send applications, including:
  • curriculum vitae
  • project description (3 to 5 pages)
  • two confidential references (can be sent directly by the referees)

to the following address:


Andrea Walther
Coordinator of the Research Institute
Deutsches Museum
80306 Munich
Tel.: 00 49 (0) 89 2179-280
Fax: 00 49 (0) 89 2179-239
E-Mail: a.waltherdeutsches-museum.de
Detailed information available upon request:
Prof. Dr. Elisabeth Vaupel

vendredi 30 septembre 2016

Les danseurs fous de Strasbourg

Les danseurs fous de Strasbourg. Une épidémie de transe collective en 1518


John Waller



Le 14 juillet 1518, Frau Troffea sortit dans les rues de Strasbourg et dansa des jours durant, sans s’arrêter, entraînant avec elle une foule frénétique de plusieurs centaines de personnes. Insensibles à la fatigue et à la douleur, les pieds ensanglantés et les visages extatiques, les danseurs moururent par dizaines. 

John Waller raconte et décrypte cet étrange phénomène de transe spontanée que le médecin humaniste Paracelse avait observé en son temps et que Bosch, Dürer et Bruegel fixèrent dans des visions cauchemardesques. Terrassés par la misère, les danseurs fous de Strasbourg exprimaient un désespoir qui connut, quelques années plus tard, une forme politique avec les grandes révoltes paysannes de 1525, et religieuse avec la Réforme. 

L’auteur, John Waller est un historien de la médecine né en 1972, titulaire d’un doctorat d’histoire et de philosophie des sciences à l’université de Londres. Il enseigné à l’université d’Harvard puis à l'université de Melbourne (Australie) et est professeur associé d’histoire de la médecine à l’université du Michigan (États-Unis). Il a publié six livres et un grand nombre d’articles scientifiques sur l’histoire de l’hérédité, l’eugénisme et les épidémies psychologiques. Ses ouvrages ont été traduits en russe, indonésien et turc. 

Traduit de l’anglais par Laurent Perez. 

Professeur assistant en histoire de la médecine européenne

Assistant Professor of History (European History of Science or Medicine) #8356

Call for applications

Institution:
Christopher Newport University

Location:
Newport News, VA

Category:
Faculty - Liberal Arts - History

Type:
Full Time

The Department of History at Christopher Newport University invites applications for a tenure-track position in History, effective August 21, 2017. Applicants must be committed to undergraduate education and demonstrate the potential for excellence in teaching and research with undergraduates. This position will specialize in the history of Europe (Modern or Early Modern) with special emphasis on the history of Science and/or Medicine broadly defined. The successful candidate will teach upper and lower division courses in the candidate's area of research and in the University's liberal learning core. The nominal teaching load for tenure track appointments is 3-3. The Ph.D. in History or a closely related field is required for appointment at the rank of Assistant Professor. In some cases, exceptionally well-qualified candidates may be considered for appointment at a higher rank and ABD candidates who will not hold the Ph.D. by the time of appointment may be considered for appointment at the rank of Instructor. Phi Beta Kappa membership is highly desirable.

CNU is committed to outstanding teaching and learning, undergraduate education, and the liberal studies core; the University is seeking to shelter a Phi Beta Kappa chapter. The Fall 2016 freshman class of 1,225 students was selected from nearly 8,000 admission applications, and presented high school GPA and SAT score middle 50% ranges of 3.5-4.0 and 1080-1240, respectively. Capital improvements (approaching $1 billion) on the beautiful, 260-acre campus, located between historic Colonial Williamsburg and the ocean resort of Virginia Beach, integrate the University's liberal arts vision, nurturing mind, body, and spirit. These include the state-of-the-art Trible Library; three new academic buildings including a newly opened integrated science building; the Freeman Center athletic complex; and the I.M. Pei-designed Ferguson Center for the Arts, which brings to Virginia the finest performing artists in the world.

Our faculty enjoy an atmosphere of collegiality and mutual respect that rewards outstanding teaching and fosters active intellectual and creative engagement. Christopher Newport University is committed to ensuring that all people are welcomed, honored and fully engaged in the life of our academic community. We recruit exceptional and diverse faculty and encourage applications from individuals who are underrepresented in their profession. Faculty are productive scholars and researchers, supported by professional development funds. Faculty and administrators regularly consult and collaborate as the University works to sustain a culture of scholarly inquiry, informed debate, and civic action that enriches students, faculty, and the surrounding community. The result is a supportive and cohesive academic setting in which the University cultivates and carries forward its mission. Competitive salary with excellent health and retirement benefits and a well-designed family leave policy further enhance the CNU workplace. For further information on CNU, please visit our website at http://www.cnu.edu.

To apply, submit a letter of application, vita, graduate transcripts (copies acceptable for initial screening), a statement of teaching philosophy, a sample of scholarly work, a sample syllabus for a course you typically teach, and three letters of reference to:

Director of Faculty Recruitment
History (European History of Science or Medicine) Faculty Search
Search #8356
Christopher Newport University
1 Avenue of the Arts
Newport News, VA 23606-3072
Or facultyrecruitment@cnu.edu

Review of applications will begin on October 10, 2016.
Applications received after October 10, 2016 will be considered only if needed.
Search finalists are required to complete a CNU sponsored background check.

Christopher Newport University, an EO Employer, is fully committed to Access and Opportunity.

APPLICATION INFORMATION
Postal Address:
Office of Human Resources
Christopher Newport University
1 Avenue of the Arts
Newport News, VA 23606

Phone: 757-594-7145

Fax: 757-594-7236

Email Address: facultyrecruitment@cnu.edu

jeudi 29 septembre 2016

Milon de Crotone ou l'invention du sport

Milon de Crotone ou l'invention du sport 

Jean-Manuel Roubineau

PUF
11/05/2016

Nombre de pages: 360
ISBN: 978-2-13-065369-1
Lutteur d’exception, Milon de Crotone accumule, au VIe siècle av. J.-C., le plus extraordinaire des palmarès sportifs de l’histoire. Multiple champion olympique, il est également chef de guerre et membre éminent de la communauté pythagoricienne. Sa légende, antique comme moderne, a fleuri autour des exploits qu’on lui prête, qu’il s’agisse de prouesses physiques ou alimentaires, depuis le transport de sa statue, à la seule force de ses bras, dans l’enceinte d’Olympie, jusqu’à la consommation d’un bœuf entier en un repas. Érigé par les Anciens en figure exemplaire de la force, de l’énergie ou encore de la virilité, Milon a frappé les esprits par son rôle déterminant dans la guerre contre Sybaris autant que par les conditions tragiques de sa disparition, dévoré par des loups dans une forêt de Crotone alors qu’il était prisonnier d’un chêne qu’il avait essayé, dans un geste d’orgueil, de fendre avec ses seules mains. Mais Milon est avant tout le témoin et l’un des acteurs principaux de la naissance d’un phénomène majeur de la culture occidentale, le sport, et de l’émergence d’une figure sociale d’un nouveau type : l’athlète.

Poste de professeur en histoire du sport

Poste de professeur à plein temps en histoire du sport 

Appel à candidatures


JOB DESCRIPTION / CONDITIONS

FULL PROFESS0R IN SPORTS HISTORY

Field of specialisation: HISTORY OF SPORTS ACTIVITIES , INTERNATIONAL AND COLONIAL

HISTORY , HISTORY OF THE BODY

Full-time post

Profile

- Ph.D. in sport science, in history, or title judged as equivalent.

- University teaching experience in the field of sports history and in the above mentioned

areas of specialisation.

- Recognised high level studies in the field of sports history and international history.

- Well-integrated in international networks

Teaching (45%)

It will be necessary to assure 6 weekly teaching hours (168 hours total) per year in the specialty areas covered by the post, according to the academic needs. One teaching hour per week could be given at the College of Humanities (CDH) at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL).

The incumbent will be responsible for guidance of the Master in Sport Sciences programme.

The incumbent will supervise master and doctoral theses.

Research (45%)

The successful candidate will work collaboratively to develop studies in the specialised fields esignated as pertinent in the Faculty (Research Sport Group of the University of Lausanne

Institute of Sport Sciences (ISSUL) and the Centre of international history and of political studies of the globalisation (CHRIM). These studies will lead to academic publications.

He/she will take responsibility for research contracts with the vision of favouring high level international collaborations and securing external funding, in particular from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF).

Administrative tasks (10%)

In accordance with the legal system and the requirements of the collegial structure, the successful candidate agrees to assume job related administrative tasks from the Institute, the Faculty, the University and its associated bodies.

Affiliation

The post is affiliated with the Institute of Sport Sciences of the University of Lausanne (ISSUL) and the Faculty of Political and Social Sciences.

Starting date: 1 August 2017

Interested candidates are kindly requested to submit via email a file consisting of: a letter of application, curriculum vitae, copies of degrees, a list of publications and the five most significant publications in pdf format to: rhssp@unil.ch

Only those candidates submitting documents in the above format will be considered.

For further information, please contact Prof. Jean-Philippe Leresche (Jean-

Philippe.Leresche@unil.ch)

Closing date: 15 November 2016

Concerned about promoting equal employment opportunities among its staff members, the University encourages female applicants.

mercredi 28 septembre 2016

Henri Piéron

Henri Piéron (1881-1964) Psychologie, orientation et éducation

sous la direction de Laurent Gutierrez, Jérôme Martin et Régis Ouvrier-Bonnaz

Octarès
2016
ISBN : 978-2-36630-054-3


Henri Piéron a incarné la psychologie scientifique aussi bien en France qu’à l’étranger pendant plus d’un demi-siècle (1912-1964). Aujourd’hui, force est de constater qu’il est tombé dans une semi-clandestinité. Les travaux relativement restreints qui lui sont consacrés suffisent à s’en convaincre. Dès lors, comment expliquer ce paradoxe ?

Cet ouvrage, en revenant sur le parcours de ce «leader incontesté de l’institutionnalisation de la psychologie en France », souhaite faire la lumière sur les différentes facettes de celui qui occupa la chaire de physiologie des sensations au Collège de France durant près de trente ans (1923-1951). Au-delà de cette assise institutionnelle, les études contenues dans cet ouvrage reviennent sur l’extraordinaire activité de ce scientifique de renommé internationale dont les idées firent école dans de nombreux pays. Il est également montré comment l’intervention de Henri Piéron fut décisive dans la création et le développement de l’orientation professionnelle. Son engagement au sein des associations militantes pour une réforme démocratique de l’enseignement à laquelle il croyait résolument est également abordé en vue de mieux cerner l’originalité et l’étendue de son œuvre.



Introduction – Interroger l’œuvre d’Henri Piéron, une question d’actualité ?
Laurent Gutierrez, Jérôme Martin et Régis Ouvrier-Bonnaz


CHAPITRE 1 – HENRI PIÉRON ET LA PSYCHOLOGIE SCIENTIFIQUE

Henri Piéron, élève et digne successeur d’Alfred Binet ?
Alexandre Klein

La psychologie et la psychopathologie d’Henri Piéron au laboratoire de la Sorbonne
Serge Nicolas et Yannick Gouden

Henri Piéron et Marcel Mauss en 1924 : identification des aptitudes ou variabilité des acquis de l’expérience ? Actualité d’une confrontation
Bernard Prot

Le garde-frontière de la psychologie – Henri Piéron et la métapsychie

Renaud Evrad et Stéphane Gumpper

La rhétorique de l’histoire – Henri Piéron, historien et archiviste de la psychologie

Jérôme Martin


CHAPITRE 2 – HENRI PIÉRON ET LA PSYCHOLOGIE APPLIQUÉE

L’orientation professionnelle selon Henri Piéron, une utopie ?
Michel Huteau

Henri Piéron au 41 de la rue Gay-Lussac (1928-1962)
Régis Ouvrier-Bonnaz

L’école française de psychotechnique et la mesure scientifique de la valeur professionnelle
Marco Saraceno

Henri Piéron et les résultats des premières études docimologiques : quelle pertinence au début du XXIe siècle ?
Philippe Chartier

Henri Piéron : un militant de la réforme de l’enseignement ?

Laurent Gutierrez

La légitimation contrariée du métier de conseiller d’orientation professionnelle (1880-1959)

Paul Lehner


CHAPITRE 3 – PIÉRON, FIGURE INTERNATIONALE DE LA PSYCHOLOGIE

La correspondance d’Henri Piéron : éclairages sur ses réseaux belges
Sylvain Wagnon

La place d’Henri Piéron dans la psychologie appliquée espagnole (1900-1940)
Angel C. Moreu

« Oh, ce sommeil ! » Correspondance entre Edouard Claparède et Henri Piéron (1900-1940)
Martine Ruchat

La place d’Henri Piéron et de la psychologie expérimentale française dans la psychologie argentine
Maria Andrea Piñeda

L’œuvre d’Henri Piéron en Italie dans les pages de la Rivista di Psicologia (1906-1936)
Glauco Ceccarelli

L’apport d’Henri Piéron dans le développement de la psychologie au Brésil (1920-1950)
Carolina Bandeira de Melo et Régina Freitas

Postface – La contribution d’Henri Piéron à l’édification de la psychologie scientifique et de l’orientation professionnelle
Jean-Luc Bernaud

La psychiatrie germano-brésilienne entre 1900 et 1930

Across the borders: German-Brazilian Psychiatry between 1900 and 1930



Masterclass by Dr. Cristiana Facchinetti (Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz)


Wednesday 5 October 2016, 1.00pm to 3.00pm

Location: BS/008, Berrick Saul Building, University of York

The Centre for Global Health Histories is delighted to provide details of a forthcoming research masterclass on Wednesday 5 October 2016, with Dr. Cristiana Facchinetti (Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fiocruz). This workshop will be free to attend and open to all, but places will unfortunately be strictly limited and available on a first come first served basis. 

This research masterclass will be centered on the circulation of German-speaking psychiatric knowledge in early twentieth-century Brazil. Dr. Faccinetti will explore how those theories and practices were absorbed at the National Hospital for the Insane (Hospício Nacional de Alienados) and at the agency for Assistance to the Insane (Assistência a Alienados) in the Federal District (Rio de Janeiro) from 1903 to 1930, when Juliano Moreira was the director of both institutions.

The period was crucial to the formation of a national mental health service and to the development of Brazilian Psychiatry, as a modern science. Psychiatry became increasingly socially important at this time, especially because of the new responses it had to offer to the challenges posed by a population seen as an obstacle to the modernization projects. We expect that the strategy will allow us to demonstrate how Brazilian Psychiatrists fit Kraepelin’s theories and practices into distinctive local reality, responding to own demands and dynamics, and producing different practices


If you are interested in attending this event or would like any further information, please email CGHH@york.ac.uk to register your interest or with questions. In response to confirmation of your attendance, we will send you a PDF copy of the article Dr. Facchinetti plans to discuss, and other information relevant to this talk.