samedi 3 décembre 2016

Une sociologie historique de la psychanalyse


La grammaire intérieure. Une sociologie historique de la psychanalyse

Jean-Baptiste Lamarche

Editions Liber
ISBN: 978-2-89578-539-2
Date de parution: 16 novembre 2016


Née à l’aube du vingtième siècle dans le cabinet d’un docteur viennois, Sigmund Freud, la psychanalyse a connu, comme il l’écrira, un « extraordinaire essor ». Elle s’est vite répandue hors des murs capitonnés des cliniques, puisqu’elle a infiltré non seulement les conversations des différents spécialistes de la psyché humaine, mais aussi celles de l’homme de la rue, que les théories spécialisées laissent pourtant habituellement indifférent. Innombrables sont les parents et enfants, maris et femmes, etc., qui recourent à elle pour se rendre compte les uns aux autres de leurs faits et gestes, les plaçant ainsi sous une lumière nouvelle. Cette pratique demeure largement mécomprise, notamment parce que Freud nous a habitués à concevoir la psychanalyse comme l’exploration d’un monde intérieur, réalisée par un individu solitaire soustrait à l’emprise des exigences sociales. Cet ouvrage révèle pourtant la présence, au coeur même de la pratique créée par Freud pour expliquer les conduites par ce monde intérieur, des normes et des valeurs par lesquelles l’ordre social moderne s’est affirmé. La psychanalyse offre ainsi un formidable révélateur de la société au sein de laquelle elle naît et fleurit.

Bourse de recherche Sydney Brenner

Sydney Brenner Research Scholarship

Call for applications


The Genentech Center for the History of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Library & Archives is pleased to offer The Sydney Brenner Research Scholarship. It is awarded each year to a scholar, researcher, historian, or writer seeking to advance knowledge in the History of the Life Sciences. Topics may include but are not limited to molecular biology, genetics, cancer research, neuroscience, and biotechnology. A stipend of up to $10,000, is provided to fund expenses associated with his/her research. The fund was established in 2006, by Dr. Philip Goelet, to pay tribute to his mentor, Nobel Laureate Dr. Sydney Brenner.

The CSHL Archives houses collections of unique original materials on some of the most important topics and figures in the life sciences, including James D. Watson, Sydney Brenner, Barbara McClintock, Alfred Hershey, and others. With the use of our collections, past recipients have produced biographies; books on the history of science; film documentaries; and a multimedia exhibition. Please see a full description of our archival collections: http://library.cshl.edu/archives

Applications are being accepted for the 2016-2017 term through December 15, 2016.

Please see the scholarship website for complete details: http://library.cshl.edu/sydney-brenner-scholarship?showall=&limitstart=

Mila Pollock, Executive Director, CSHL Library & Archives


Bourses du Beckman Center

Beckman Center Fellowships

Call for applications


The Beckman Center for the History of Chemistry at the Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF), an independent research library in Philadelphia, PA, invites applications for short-term and long-term fellowships in the history of science, medicine, technology, and industry (http://www.chemheritage.org/research/beckman-center/beckman-center-fellowships/apply.aspx).

Short-term fellows are particularly meant to use the collections, while long-term fellows' work must help to support the mission of the institution and fit with collections more generally. The research collections at CHF range chronologically from the fifteenth century to the present and include 6,000 rare books, significant archival holdings, thousands of images, and a large artifact and fine arts collection, supported by over 100,000 reference volumes and journals. Within the collections there are many areas of special strength, including: alchemy, mining & metallurgy, dyeing and bleaching, balneology, gunpowder and pyrotechnics, gas-lighting, books of secrets, inorganic and organic chemistry, biochemistry, food chemistry, and pharmaceuticals.

We support roughly 20 fellows each year, creating a vibrant international community of scholars whose work is in some way tied to the history of materials and materiality, chemistry, and all related sciences. Applications come from scholars in a wide range of disciplines across the humanities and social sciences. To see this year's list, go to:

Senior Fellowships
1 or 2 Semesters in Residence
available to those who received their PhD before July 2012 • $30,000/Semester

Postdoctoral Fellowships
9 Months in Residence
available to those who received their PhD after July 2012 • $45,000

Dissertation Fellowships
9 Months in Residence; open to graduate students at the dissertation stage • $26,000

Short-Term Fellowships
1–4 Months in Residence; open to all scholars and researchers • $3,000 per month

Application Deadline: January 15, 2017

For more information visit:

vendredi 2 décembre 2016

Histoire de la psychiatrie en Irlande

Hearing Voices: The History of Psychiatry in Ireland


Brendan Kelly


Irish Academic Press
07 November 2016


Hearing Voices: The History of Psychiatry in Ireland is a monumental work by one of Ireland’s leading psychiatrists, encompassing every psychiatric development from the Middle Ages to the present day, and examining the far-reaching social and political effects of Ireland’s troubled relationship with mental illness.

From the “Glen of Lunatics”, said to cure the mentally ill, to the overcrowded asylums of later centuries – with more beds for the mentally ill than any other country in the world – Ireland has a complex, unsettled history in the practice of psychiatry. Kelly’s definitive work examines Ireland’s unique relationship with conceptions of mental ill health throughout the centuries, delving into each medical breakthrough and every misuse of authority – both political and domestic – for those deemed to be mentally ill.

Through fascinating archival records, Kelly writes a crisp and accessible history, evaluating everything from individual case histories to the seismic effects of the First World War, and exploring the attitudes that guided treatments, spanning Brehon Law to the emerging emphasis on human rights. Hearing Voices is a marvel that affords incredible insight into Ireland’s social and medical history while providing powerful observations on our current treatment of mental ill health in Ireland.

Cheiron 2017

49th Annual Meeting of Cheiron: The International Society for the History of Behavioral and Social Sciences 



Call for Papers



Conference Date: June 22-25, 2017

Conference Location: Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS

Submission Due Date: January 15, 2017, 5pm EST

Website: https://www.uakron.edu/cheiron/

Papers, posters, symposia/panels, or workshops are invited for the 49th annual meeting of Cheiron: The International Society for the History of Behavioral and Social Sciences. The conference will be held at Mississippi State University, Starkville (two hours/160 miles from Memphis, TN), with Courtney Thompson as local co-host, assisted by Alexandra Hui and Alan Marcus. Starkville’s local Golden Triangle Regional Airport, with service from Atlanta, provides free shuttle service to Starkville, including the MSU campus. The meeting will take place Thursday, June 22, to Sunday, June 25, 2017.

Submissions may deal with any aspect of the history of the human, behavioral, and social sciences or related historiographical and methodological issues. For this year’s meeting in Mississippi we particularly encourage submissions of all formats (papers, posters, symposia/panels, and workshops) which explore issues related to LGBTQ+, as well as gender, race/ethnicity, and other marginalized communities. All submissions should conform to the guidelines listed below.

All submissions must be received by 5pm EST, January 15, 2017. Please email your proposals to the 2017 Program Chair, Jacy Young at jacyleeyoung@gmail.com

Guidelines
All papers, posters, and proposed symposia/panels should focus on new and original work, i.e. the main part of the work should not have been published or presented previously at other conferences.

To facilitate the peer review and planning process, please provide a separate page that includes: a) title; b) author’s name and affiliation; c) author’s mail and email address and phone number; d) audio/visual needs. In all types of proposals below, names of authors/presenters should not be indicated anywhere but on the separate cover page for the submission.

Papers: Submit a 700-800 word abstract plus references that contains the major sources that inform your work. Presentations should be 20-25 minutes in length.

Posters: Submit a 300-400 word abstract plus references that contains the major sources that inform your work.

Symposia/Panels: Organizer should submit a 250-300 word abstract describing the symposium as a whole and a list of the names and affiliations of the participants. Each participant should submit a 300-600 word abstract plus references that contains the major sources that inform your work.

Workshops: Organizer should submit a 250-300 word abstract describing the workshop and, if applicable, a list of the names and affiliations of those participating.


Travel Stipends & Young Scholar Award



Travel Stipends: Cheiron will make funds available to help defray travel expenses for students, as well as other scholars facing financial hardship, who present at the conference. We encourage everyone to apply for support from their home institutions. The Travel Stipend is limited to $100 to $300 per accepted submission; co-authored presentations must be divided among the presenters. If you wish to be considered for the Stipend, please apply by sending the Program Chair a separate email message, explaining your status, at the same time that you submit your proposal.



Young Scholar Award: Since 2008, Cheiron has awarded a prize for the best paper or symposium presentation by a young scholar. To be eligible for consideration, the young scholar must be the sole or first author on the paper and must be responsible for the bulk of the work of the paper. The young scholar must be a student currently or must have completed doctoral work (or other final degree) not more than 5 years prior to the meeting. Past winners of this award are no longer eligible.

About three weeks after the meeting, applicants for this award will submit a copy of the presented paper (rather than the abstract); it may include further, minor changes and bibliography. Submissions go to the Cheiron Executive Officer, who sets the exact deadline and determines eligibility, and the entries will be judged by select members of the Program Committee and the Review Committee. The winner will be announced by early autumn following the Cheiron meeting, will receive a certificate, and will be asked to submit the paper to the Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences within a reasonable period of time. The Award winner may ask Cheiron for assistance in preparing the paper for submission to JHBS. If the paper is accepted by JHBS for publication, the winner will receive a $500 honorarium from the publisher, Wiley-Blackwell, in recognition of the Cheiron Young Scholar Award. Please note that the award committee may choose not to grant an award in any given year and that the honorarium depends on publication in JHBS, in addition to winning the Award.



---------------------------

CONTACT INFORMATION:



Concerning meeting program, contact 2017 Program Chair:

Jacy Young

Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Surrey UK

jacyleeyoung@gmail.com

telephone: 204.451.5814 (cell)



For questions about the Young Scholar Award or general organizational issues, contact

David K. Robinson, Cheiron Executive Officer: drobinso@truman.edu

Correspondance Freud-Bleuler

Lettres 1904-1937 

Sigmund Freud et Eugen Bleuler

Introduction De Thomas Lepoutre Et Francois Valla


Gallimard 
Connaissance De L'inconscient
20 Octobre 2016
Psychanalyse
320 pages, 22.5 X 14 cm, 349 grammes 
Traduit par Astor, Dorian de Allemand


Cette correspondance de 79 lettres, dont 23 de Freud et 56 de Bleuler, s'étire sur 33ans. Elle met au premier plan la relation installée entre deux hommes droits passionnés. Relation mal connue, plus étroite et vive que ce que l'on en savait par les biographies, avec des dissensions graves, mais sans rupture. Bleuler est le premier psychiatre universitaire à prendre au sérieux les thèses freudiennes, en les important dans la théorie et dans la pratique psychiatrique au Burghölzi, clinique psychiatrique universitaire de Zürich qu'il dirige et où il forme et formera de futurs psychanalystes - Carl G. Jung, Max Eitingon, Karl Abraham, Abraham Brill - et des psychiatres bientôt célèbres comme Ludwig Binswanger. À mesure que leur relation se développe, Bleuler tente de faire une « psychanalyse » par lettres avec Freud, non sans résistance : il croit à l'expérimentation, veut des preuves, ne parvient pas du tout à comprendre ses rêves, n'aime guère la sexualité, surtout inconsciente, il est défenseur avec sa femme des ligues antialcooliques et quelque peu partisan de l'eugénisme, à la suite de son maître Forel. Rien ne le prédispose à suivre la discipline freudienne, sinon son honnêteté intellectuelle et une vocation de soignant. Freud, de son côté, souhaite introduire la psychanalyse dans le champ de la psychiatrie, et parallèlement la sortir du milieu viennois et du milieu juif, où elle court le risque d'être ostracisée. Zurich deviendra le centre mondial de la psychanalyse, à la fois universitaire et clinique, jusqu'à la rupture avec Jung en 1913. À l'arrière-plan de ces lettres se déroule l'histoire du mouvement analytique : création de l'Association psychanalytique internationale, dissension avec Jung, séparation de Freud avec l'école dite de Zürich.

jeudi 1 décembre 2016

La Médecine antique

La Médecine antique

Vivian Nutton


Broché: 320 pages
Editeur : Les Belles Lettres (14 novembre 2016)
Collection : Histoire
Langue : Français
ISBN-13: 978-2251381350







Dans ce livre qui constitue le maître ouvrage du spécialiste mondial de la médecine antique qu'est Vivian Nutton, le lecteur découvre une reconstitution passionnante de l’art de guérir tel qu’il était pratiqué dans les différents contextes sociaux et culturels de l’Antiquité, de ses premiers sources textuelles (au VIIIe siècle avant J.-C.) jusqu’au VIIe siècle de l’ère chrétienne.
Même si elles ont fini par être rejetées, les théories de l’Antiquité ont constitué le fondement de la médecine occidentale pendant des siècles et contribuent encore à la structurer de façon discrète mais décisive. L’idée que les maladies opèrent par une causalité naturelle, sans intervention extra- ou surnaturelle, et que ces causes et ces effets peuvent être étudiés et identifiés, est un legs de l’Antiquité. De même, il nous paraît évident qu’un médecin ou un chirurgien ne doit pas se contenter de répéter les prescriptions et les gestes mentionnés dans un manuel. Or, cette idée que l’argumentation et la preuve sont les seuls déterminants de la science médicale remonte aux Grecs et aux Romains. Enfin, notre conviction que le serment d’Hippocrate incarne les principes primordiaux de l’éthique médicale reste toujours aussi forte.
Toutefois, cette exigence et ce besoin de compréhension des racines de la médecine occidentale sont porteurs d’un danger: que la médecine antique ne soit étudiée que pour sa contribution à quelque chose de plus évolué. Vivian Nutton choisit une approche différente: il n’a de cesse de considérer la pratique de la médecine en Grèce et à Rome pour et en elle- même. L’une des conséquences de cette attitude est de remettre en perspective l’apport hippocratique et galénien et de montrer que d’autres courants d’idées ont eu leur importance. Car ce qui frappe le plus dans la médecine antique, une fois adopté ce point de vue, c’est son extraordinaire diversité. Plus que dans la plupart des autres sociétés, et en l’absence de toute définition formelle et juridique de ce qu’était la médecine, celle-ci était ouverte aux influences de toutes sortes et pouvait être étudiée et pratiquée par de nombreuses personnes qui ne se voyaient pas comme des médecins: exorcistes, vendeurs de remèdes, magiciens et sages-femmes, côtoyaient iatroi et medici.
Science de la vie, de la maladie, de la mort et de la guérison, la médecine antique apparaît ainsi, sous la plume de Vivian Nutton, comme une science elle-même extraordinairement vivante.

Le handicap dans l'Antiquité

Disability in Antiquity 


Christian Laes (Editor)



Series: Rewriting Antiquity
Hardcover: 506 pages
Publisher: Routledge (October 13, 2016)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1138814851


This volume is a major contribution to the field of disability history in the ancient world. Contributions from leading international scholars examine deformity and disability from a variety of historical, sociological and theoretical perspectives, as represented in various media. The volume is not confined to a narrow view of ‘antiquity’ but includes a large number of pieces on ancient western Asia that provide a broad and comparative view of the topic and enable scholars to see this important topic in the round.

Disability in Antiquity is the first multidisciplinary volume to truly map out and explore the topic of disability in the ancient world and create new avenues of thought and research.