dimanche 25 juin 2017

Le régime de santé

Il regime di salute in medicina. Dalla dieta ippocratica all’epigenetica

Serena Buzzi

Edizioni dell'Orso
Collana: Hellenica
Isbn: 978-88-6274-741-7


Antichisti, storici della medicina, medici e operatori nel campo sanitario, provenienti da vari atenei d’Italia ed Europa, si interrogano qui sull’importanza del regime di salute. Vengono indagati il rapporto tra salute e malattia, il ruolo dell’alimentazione, dell’ambiente, dello sport, dello stile di vita, dei comportamenti, della comunicazione, della terapia e della farmacologia. Il dialogo vivace, condotto con metodi e prospettive diverse, permette al lettore di trovare inattesi punti di convergenza fra il mondo antico e quello moderno e contemporaneo. La medicina da sempre infatti è teatro di paradigmi spesso concorrenti e a volte ricorrenti. Quella complessità di regole e di relazioni che in Ippocrate definisce il regime di salute trova una corrispondenza nel riconoscimento dell’interazione fra ambiente e assetto genetico individuale nella scienza contemporanea.

Bourse de postdoctorat à Exeter

Postdoctoral Research Associate The Medical World of Early Modern England, Wales and Ireland c.1500-1715"

Call for applications

University of Exeter - College of Humanities - Centre for Medical History, Department of History
Location: Exeter
Salary: The starting salary will be from £28,452 per annum within the Grade E band (£26,052 - £30,175). 
Hours: Full Time
Contract Type: Fixed-Term/Contract

Placed on: 7th June 2017

Closes: 10th July 2017

Job Ref: R43273


The starting salary will be from £28,452 per annum within the Grade E band (£26,052 - £30,175).

The College wishes to recruit a full-time Postdoctoral Research Associate to support the work of Professor Jonathan Barry and Dr Peter Elmer on the project "The Medical World of Early Modern England, Wales and Ireland c.1500-1715". This full-time Wellcome Trust funded post is available for twelve months from 1st September 2017 to 31st August 2018. The successful applicant will be responsible for developing the Microsoft Access database associated with the project (containing information on over 30,000 medical practitioners), to enable it to answer the project’s research questions and to provide a publicly accessible resource at the end of the project, as well as conducting some archival research and historical analysis associated with the database.

The successful applicant will be able to present information on research progress and outcomes; communicate complex information orally, in writing, and electronically; and help to prepare proposals and applications to external bodies.

Applicants will possess a relevant PhD obtained or submitted by the date of commencing the post, or possess an equivalent qualification/experience in a related field of study, and be able to demonstrate sufficient knowledge in the discipline and of research methods and techniques to work within established research programmes. Applicants will be able to work with early modern archival and published sources; prepare, enter, and analyse data in a complex database; and offer support to the project investigators in developing quantitative measures to answer complex research questions using the database material; as well as developing the database for public access. A familiarity with early modern medical and social history would be highly desirable. There will be an opportunity to conduct and publish your own research on the database materials and related subjects. There is no expectation of teaching during this post. Applicants will be expected to be based largely in Exeter, although some time may be spent at the IHR in London, where technical support for the database is available.

The University offers some fantastic benefits including 41 days leave per year, options for flexible working, numerous discounts at leading retailers, an onsite gym, free yoga and pilates, a cycle to work scheme, and a stunning campus environment in the heart of Exeter. If you are not currently in Exeter please have a look at our website (www.exeter.ac.uk/thesouthwest) for some further information on what a beautiful part of the country we are based in.

For further information please contact Prof. Jonathan Barry (email: J.Barry@ex.ac.uk).

Interviews are expected to take place in mid-July.

Applications should be made via our website. For more information and to apply online please go to www.exeter.ac.uk/jobs. Please quote reference number R43273 in any correspondence.

The University of Exeter is an equal opportunity employer. We are officially recognised as a Disability Confident employer and an Athena Swan accredited institution. Whilst all applicants will be judged on merit alone, we particularly welcome applications from groups currently underrepresented in the workforce.

samedi 24 juin 2017

Les anatomies malléables

Malleable Anatomies. Models, Makers, and Material Culture in Eighteenth-Century Italy



Lucia Dacome


Oxford university Press
320 Pages | Numerous illus. 
9.2 x 6.1 inches 
ISBN: 9780198736189


Malleable Anatomies offers an account of the early stages of the practice of anatomical modeling in mid-eighteenth-century Italy. It investigates the "mania" for anatomical displays that swept the Italian peninsula, and traces the fashioning of anatomical models as important social, cultural, and political as well as medical tools. Over the course of the eighteenth century, anatomical specimens offered particularly accurate insights into the inner body. Being colored, soft, malleable, and often life-size, they promised to foster anatomical knowledge for different audiences in a delightful way. But how did anatomical models and preparations inscribe and mediate bodily knowledge? How did they change the way in which anatomical knowledge was created and communicated? And how did they affect the lives of those involved in their production, display, viewing, and handling? 

Examining the circumstances surrounding the creation and early viewing of anatomical displays in Bologna and Naples, Malleable Anatomies addresses these questions by reconstructing how anatomical modeling developed at the intersection of medical discourse, religious ritual, antiquarian and artistic cultures, and Grand Tour display. While doing so, it investigates the development of anatomical modeling in the context of the diverse worlds of visual and material practices that characterized the representation and display of the body in mid-eighteenth-century Italy. Drawing attention to the artisanal dimension of anatomical practice, and to the role of women as both makers and users of anatomical models, it considers how anatomical specimens lay at the center of a composite world of social interactions, which led to the fashioning of modelers as anatomical celebrities. Moreover, it examines how anatomical displays transformed the proverbially gruesome practice of anatomy into an enthralling experience that engaged audiences' senses.

La santé familiale, militaire et des vétérans

Military, Veteran and Family Health


Call for Papers

The Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health aims to maximize the mental, physical and social health and well-being of military personnel, Veterans and their families by publishing world class research to a broad international and multidisciplinary readership of researchers, clinicians, administrators, and policy makers. http://bit.ly/jmvfh_cfp

JMVFH publishes original research articles and several other types of articles related to the health and well-being of the populations of interest including: Emerging Practices and Programs, Clinical Practice Reviews, Arts and Humanities articles, Perspectives, Talking Points, and Letters.

The journal welcomes submissions in the following research theme areas:
  • Mental health and rehabilitation
  • Physical health and rehabilitation
  • Social health and well-being
  • Transition from military to civilian life
  • Family health and wellbeing
  • Evolving treatment practices or programs
  • Occupational and environmental health
  • Novel health technologies related to military service
  • Transitions back to family life after deployment
  • Health care policies and programs
  • Military history related to health and well-being
  • The arts and military health and well-being, and
  • Gender based research related to any of the above theme areas.

The journal is multidisciplinary in scope and accepts articles from researchers and clinicians conducting research relevant to enhancing the physical, mental or social health of the beneficiary populations. Some of these disciplines include Bioinformatics, Biomechanical Engineering, Kinesiology and Health Studies, Medicine, Neurosciences, Nursing, Occupational Therapy, Organizational Behavior, Physical Therapy, Psychiatry, Psychology, Public Administration, Public Health, Social Work, Sociology, and the Arts and Humanities.

For more details about article types and submission requirements please consult the Guidelines for Submissions –http://bit.ly/jmvfhguide

Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health(JMVFH) http://bit.ly/jmvfh

The aim of this new open-access journal is to maximize the health and social well-being of military personnel, Veterans, and their families by disseminating world-class research to a broad international and multidisciplinary readership of researchers, practitioners, administrators, and policy makers.

The Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health provides a forum for the latest research in mental and physical health and rehabilitation, social health and wellbeing, the transition from military to civilian life, family health and wellbeing, evolving treatment practices or programs, occupational and environmental health, novel health technologies related to military service, transitions back to family life after deployment, health care or health-related policies and programs, military history related to health and wellbeing, the arts and military health and well-being, and gender-based research related to any of the above. JMVFH is edited by Alice Aiken and Stéphanie Bélanger, and managed by Mike Schaub.

Contact Info:
http://bit.ly/jmvfh

vendredi 23 juin 2017

Manuel d'histoire du sport

The Oxford Handbook of Sports History



Robert Edelman and Wayne Wilson


Oxford University Press
Hardcover
Published: 04 May 2017
576 Pages 
ISBN: 9780199858910


Orwell was wrong. Sports are not "war without the shooting", nor are they "war by other means." To be sure sports have generated animosity throughout human history, but they also require rules to which the participants agree to abide before the contest. Among other things, those rules are supposed to limit violence, even death. More than anything else, sports have been a significant part of a historical "civilizing process." They are the opposite of war.

As the historical profession has taken its cultural turn over the last few decades, scholars have turned their attention to subject once seen as marginal. As researchers have come to understand the centrality of the human body in human history, they have come to study this most corporeal of human activities. Taking early cues from physical educators and kinesiologists, historians have been exploring sports in all their forms in order to help us answer the most fundamental questions to which scholars have devoted their lives. We have now seen a veritable explosion excellent work on this subject, just as sports have assumed an even greater share of a globalizing world's cultural, political and economic space. Practiced by millions and watched by billions, sports provide an enormous share of content on the Internet. This volume combines the efforts of sports historians with essays by historians whose careers have been devoted to more traditional topics. We want to show how sports have evolved from ancient societies to the world we inhabit today. Our goal is to introduce those from outside this sub-field to this burgeoning body of scholarship. At the same time, we hope here to show those who may want to study sport with rigor and nuance how to embark on a rewarding journey and tackle profound matters that have affected and will affect all of humankind.

La fabrication de la connaissance dans le monde prémoderne

Cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of knowledge-making in the early modern world (1450-1800)


Call for Papers


With the support of the London Arts & Humanities Partnership (LAHP), the Dr Williams Library will host a student-led interdisciplinary conference on the overlap, cross-fertilisation, and collaborative potential between the Humanities and Social Sciences across studies on the history of knowledge-making in the early modern world (1450-1800), 14th October 2017, London (United Kingdom).

The call for papers is open to all PhD candidates from any department within Arts & Humanities and Social Sciences at King's College London, University College London, School of Advanced Study, Queen Mary University and the London School of Economics.

We welcome submissions with studies about knowledge-making in the early modern world (1450-1800) from a wide range of fields, such as Legal, Political, Social, Cultural, Environmental and Economic History; Global, Imperial and World History; History of Science, Medicine and Technology; Literary Theory; Historical Anthropology; Cultural Geography; Historical Geography; Gender and Queer Studies.

We particularly encourage topics that highlight the circulation and transmission of knowledge in the period, including but not limited to:
● Visual knowledge, represented in world maps, globes, portolans, charts
● Natural science (botany, natural history, mathematical sciences)
● Languages (maths, dictionaries, grammars)
● Ethnography (travel accounts, treatises)
● Gender
● Religion
● Colonialism and imperialism, political and economic thought, Jurisprudence

The aims of the conference are to deepen the understanding of how a certain type of cross-disciplinarity already characterised knowledge-making along cultural encounters in an expanding world from c.1415 onwards; to highlight how London-based PhD students use cross-disciplinary approaches to better understand their primary sources and the contemporary intellectual framework within which their research is situated; and to promote similar events and future collaborations among the panelists and the audience.

How to submit your proposal
Proposals for papers should be submitted using the online form by 7th July 2017 and include a maximum 300-word abstract, in English, for a 20-minute paper. Link to the online form: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSexdfz8T02GPww7zu06KGZMvbrzrJZi...
All candidates will be notified by 31st July 2017.

Contact Info:
Joseph da Costa

Contact Email:
joseph.da_costa@kcl.ac.uk

jeudi 22 juin 2017

Le médecin hippocratique

Le médecin hippocratique. Aux sources de la médecine moderne


Mame Sow Diouf


Les Belles Lettres
Études anciennes
N° dans la collection : 155
Parution : 30/05/2017
EAN13 : 9782251447018

Hippocrate n’est pas l’inventeur de la médecine mais son promoteur au rang d’art. Héritier d’une discipline qui se pratiquait depuis la nuit des temps dans la routine, il s’interroge sur ses pratiques et ses usages, comme Socrate le fit dans d’autres domaines auprès de ses concitoyens. Il nous est resté de celui que la postérité a baptisé le Père de la médecine, une image : celle du médecin qui rêvait de sauver les hommes de la maladie et de la mort. 

L’auteur retrace cette image, en guidant le lecteur avec sûreté et clarté et en lui faisant découvrir tout d’abord les réalités du milieu médical, puis les ambitions intellectuelles des médecins, qui ne se contentent pas d’exercer leur métier mais réfléchissent sur la finalité et les procédures de leur art, et enfin les exigences éthiques qu’ils respectent dans leur relation avec le malade et la maladie. Dans cet ouvrage, le lecteur est mis directement en contact avec les textes eux-mêmes des médecins anciens et les témoignages fondamentaux qui les éclairent. Le lecteur pourra ainsi faire entière confiance à un guide sûr qui met à profit toutes les ressources de la recherche moderne internationale sur Hippocrate et qui apporte sa marque personnelle dans des analyses judicieuses, en dehors de toute simplification ou de toute apologie.


Mame Sow Diouf, est professeur titulaire de grec et chef du Département des Langues et Civilisations anciennes de l’Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar. Ses travaux portent principalement sur Hippocrate et sur sa place dans l’histoire de la médecine. Elle enseigne, dans les Facultés de médecine, l’histoire de la médecine et la terminologie médicale. Elle mène en parallèle des recherches sur la rencontre des civilisations et la circulation des savoirs et des pratiques à partir de la Méditerranée, au carrefour des cultures africaine, arabe et occidentale.

Les espaces et le corps dans l'Europe moderne

(Im)possible Bodies: Spaces and the Body in Early Modern Europe


Call for Papers for the 2018 NEMLA conference

Pittsburgh, PA


This panel explores the spatial limits of bodies in early modern Europe. The spatial limits of bodies, broadly conceived, refer to the determinant role that real or abstract boundaries play on the physical and/or imagined body. These limits can take many forms, including aesthetic conventions, battlefields, domestic confines, geographic boundaries, and religious sites. Notions of the body may be equally diverse, extending to animals, communities, environments, and genders. Panel discussion will provide a rich examination of intersections between spatial perspectives and studies of early modern bodies.

Possible questions for panelists to consider include: How does the suffering or fragmented body impact the space that the body inhabits? How does the experience of one’s own body affect a perception of space? Where did changing theories of anatomy and cartography overlap in the Renaissance? In what ways did early modern men and women navigate tensions between physical and spiritual bodies? To what extent did sexuality influence social mobility in early modern cultures?

Papers from a broad range of disciplines are welcome, including literature, art history, European history, religious studies, and women and gender studies.

Please submit abstracts through the following link by Sept. 29, 2017: Call for Papers