lundi 23 janvier 2017

Histoire de la psychologie japonaise

The History of Japanese Psychology: Global Perspectives, 1875-1950 



Brian J. McVeigh



Series: SOAS Studies in Modern and Contemporary Japan
Hardcover: 256 pages
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic (December 15, 2016)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1474283083


Through a focus on the contributions of pioneers such as Motora Yujiro (1858–1912) and Matsumoto Matataro (1865–1943), this book explores the origins of Japanese psychology, charting cross-cultural connections, commonalities, and the transition from religious–moralistic to secular–scientific definitions of human nature. 

Emerging at the intersection of philosophy, pedagogy, physiology, and physics, psychology in the late 19th and early 20th centuries confronted the pressures of industrialization and became allied with attempts to integrate individual subjectivities into larger institutions and organizations. Such social management was accomplished through Japan's establishment of a schooling system that incorporated psychological research, making educational practices both products of and the driving force behind changing notions of selfhood. In response to new forms of labor and loyalty, applied psychology led to or became implicated in personality tests, personnel selection, therapy, counseling, military science, colonial policies, and “national spirit.” The birth of Japanese psychology, however, was more than a mere adaptation to the challenges of modernity: it heralded a transformation of the very mental processes it claimed to be exploring. 

With detailed appendices, tables and charts to provide readers with a meticulous and thorough exploration of the subject and adopting a truly comparative perspective, The History of Japanese Psychology is a unique study that will be valuable to students and scholars of Japanese intellectual history and the history of psychology.

Les infirmières de la folie

Les infirmières de la folie. Histoire et évolution des soins infirmiers en psychiatrie au sein de l’espace francophone

Appel à communications

85e congrès de l’ACFAS
Université McGill, Montréal
8 et 9 mai 2017

Responsables :
Alexandre Klein, Université Laval
Marie-Claude Thifault, Université d’Ottawa
Karine Aubin, Université d’Ottawa

Organisé dans le cadre du 85e Congrès de l’ACFAS, ce colloque propose de réunir des historiennes* mais aussi des professionnelles de santé, afin d’étudier l’évolution du rôle de l’infirmière dans la prise en charge de la santé mentale. Il entend tout particulièrement se pencher sur l’expérience des infirmières en milieu psychiatrique comme dans les autres contextes de soin. Son ambition est de mettre en lumière les conditions de naissance et de transformations, dans l’espace francophone, des soins infirmiers psychiatriques en tant que spécialité à part entière. Il abordera pour ce faire l’histoire de la figure de l’infirmière psychiatrique ainsi que de l’ensemble des pratiques, discours et représentations qui participent à son travail de prise en charge de la folie. Il s’attardera également sur l’évolution de l’enseignement et de la formation qui lui sont offerts, ainsi que sur les éléments contribuant à l’affirmation de son champ de compétence comme d’une spécialité infirmière à part entière (création de revues spécialisées, de sociétés dédiées, organisation de congrès, etc.). Si les espaces canadiens, et plus particulièrement québécois, seront au centre de cette manifestation, les travaux ouvrant à la comparaison avec d’autres pays francophones seront tout particulièrement valorisés.

Les propositions attendues pourront concerner (liste non exhaustive) :
  • L’évolution de la figure de l’infirmière d’asile et de ses représentations
  • Les institutions de formation spécialisée et les enseignements qui y étaient proposés
  • Les revues spécialisées et les manifestations scientifiques dédiées au nursing psychiatrique
  • Les enjeux professionnels et syndicaux propre à cette spécialité
  • Le rôle spécifique de l’infirmière psychiatrique dans les équipes multidisciplinaires
  • L’impact du genre dans le développement des stratégies gouvernementales et institutionnelles en santé mentale
  • Les défis infirmiers entourant le projet de désinstitutionnalisation psychiatrique
  • Les relations du nursing psychiatrique comme spécialité avec le domaine général des sciences infirmières

Les chercheures ou professionnelles de santé intéressées sont invitées à soumettre avant le 20 février 2017 et à l’adresse suivante 301.ACFAS2017@gmail.com des propositions de communication individuelle de 20 minutes contenant :
  • Les noms et prénoms du (des) auteur(s)
  • Une adresse courriel de référence
  • L’université ou établissement de rattachement
  • Le titre de la communication envisagée
  • Un résumé de 250 mots maximum
  • Une courte biobibliographie des auteures
Le comité d’organisation avisera les auteures de ses décisions avant le 1er mars 2017.

Aucun financement des participants et participantes n'est prévu pour le moment.

Veuillez noter également que l’inscription au congrès est obligatoire pour tous les participantes (conférencières, animatrices, personnes de l’assistance, etc.). Pour plus de détails visiter le site de l’ACFAS : http://www.acfas.ca/evenements/congres

* Afin de faciliter la lecture du présent texte, nous avons employé le féminin comme genre neutre pour désigner aussi bien les femmes que les hommes.

André Breton et Pierre Janet

Automatism, Surrealism, and the Making of French Psychopathology: The Case of Pierre Janet

Alexandre Bacopoulos 

Work-in-progress Seminar

Wednesday January 25, 2017
12:30 PM
3647 Peel street, Room 101
Montreal

This paper explores the intellectual influences behind poet André Breton’s classic articulation of a “pure psychic automatism” in the 1924 Surrealist Manifesto. It questions the widespread view that Breton based his conception of the Surrealist method on Sigmund Freud’s “talking cure” and shows that he was in fact highly influenced by Pierre Janet, a prominent turn-of-the-century psychopathologist whom Breton had read and annotated as a medical student. Why then did Breton, in his mythical love affair with Freudianism, systematically silence his indebtedness to the Janetian model of the mind? To examine this question, we turn to a little-studied theme: Janet’s increasing distance from Spiritism and psychical research. In seeking to establish his discipline within a medical framework, Janet erected barriers between the new psychological sciences and such seemingly “extra-scientific” fields. In so doing, he placed himself at odds with other members of the intellectual community who saw in the automatic manifestations of the mind a source of exalted creativity.

dimanche 22 janvier 2017

L'invention de la régulation génétique

L'invention de la régulation génétique. Les Nobels 1965 (Jacob, Lwoff, Monod) et le modèle de l'opéron dans l'histoire de la biologie


Laurent LOISON et Michel MORANGE (dir.)




Éditions rue d'Ulm
Collection « Les rencontres de Normale Sup’ »
Format : 15 x 21 cm | Nb pages : 160
ISBN-978-2-7288-0563


À travers l’exemple de l’opéron, ce livre s’attache à explorer le contexte théorique, philosophique et politique qui a accompagné l’essor de la biologie moléculaire française. L’élaboration du modèle de l’opéron lactose a marqué un tournant dans l’histoire des sciences de la vie. Cet évènement fondateur a reposé, sans s’y résumer, sur la collaboration entre François Jacob, André Lwolff et Jacques Monod (tous trois prix Nobel 1965). Après avoir retracé les origines lointaines des programmes de recherche qui ont rendu possible une telle collaboration, les études ici réunies montrent comment ce modèle a été accueilli par les biologistes et les perspectives nouvelles qu’il a fait émerger.

Etudes sur la vision binoculaire

Studies on Binocular Vision. Optics, Vision and Perspective from the Thirteenth to the Sevententh Centuries. 

Dominique Raynaud

Springer International (Archimedes 47), 
2016, xii+297 pp.

This book explores the interrelationships between optics, vision and perspective before the Classical Age, examining binocularity in particular. The author shows how binocular vision was one of the key juncture points between the three concepts and readers will see how important it is to understand the approach that scholars once took. In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the concept of Perspectiva – the Latin word for optics – encompassed many areas of enquiry that had been viewed since antiquity as interconnected, but which a erwards were separated: optics was incorporated into the field of physics (i.e., physical and geometrical optics), vision came to be regarded as the sum of various psycho-physiological mechanisms involved in the way the eye operates (i.e., physiological optics and psychology of vision) and the word ‘perspective’ was reserved for the mathematical representation of the external world (i.e., linear perspective). 

The author shows how this division, which emerged as a result of the spread of the sciences in classical Europe, turns out to be an anachronism if we confront certain facts from the immediately preceding periods. It is essential to take into account the way medieval scholars posed the problem – which included all facets of the Latin word perspectiva – when exploring the events of this period. This book will appeal to a broad readership, from philosophers and historians of science, to those working in geometry, optics, ophthalmology and architecture. 
Dominique Raynaud is a sociologist and science historian at the Université Grenoble Alpes, France. He has published various articles and books in the field. Among them are Optics and the Rise of Perspective. A Study in Network Knowledge Diffusion (Oxford, 2014) and Scientific Controversies. A Socio-historical Perspective on the Advancement of Science (New Brunswick, 2015).

Histoire du facteur de nécrose tumorale

The Recent History of Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)

Zarros A, Jones E M, and Tansey E M. (eds) (2016)

Wellcome Witnesses to Contemporary Medicine, vol. 60. London
Queen Mary University of London.
ISBN 978 1 91019 5208


With an introduction by Professor Jon Cohen, this Witness Seminar focuses on the recent history of TNF and its identification as a therapeutic target for rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases. The participants provide insights into how TNF has become a focal point for the study of inflammatory and malignant diseases, and discuss the obstacles and the opportunities that arose during the development of anti-TNF drugs.


samedi 21 janvier 2017

Dictionnaire des femmes médecins pendant la guerre civile américaine

Women Medical Doctors in the United States Before the Civil War: A Biographical Dictionary 

Edward C. Atwater


Hardcover: 409 pages
Publisher: Univ of Rochester Pr (November 25, 2016)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1580465717

This groundbreaking reference work contains brief biographical articles for over two hundred women, most of them little known, who graduated from schools of medicine in the United States before the Civil War. The volume includes an introductory essay examining the social and religious backgrounds of the women graduates, as well as their motivations for becoming physicians and their varying degrees of success as practitioners. In addition, the essay offers information on what physician training and practice were like during the period, as well as on the need for reform that provided a setting for women's entry into the profession. The biographical entries are supplemented by a chronological table of female medical graduates and a geographical table indicating the places in which they practiced. Edward C. Atwater is emeritus professor of medicine and the history of medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine.

La préservation en histoire de la phytothérapie

Preservation Matters in the History of Herbal Medicine

Call for posters

One Day Seminar

Herbal History Research Network

10.30–4.30, 
Wednesday 7th June 2017

Birmingham Botanical Gardens, Westbourne Rd, Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands B15 3TR, UK


AIM OF DAY SEMINAR

The aim of this day seminar is to bring together researchers in the history of herbal medicine and others interested in explorations into preservation and the practice of herbal medicine. The theme of preservation can be understood at varying levels, from a practical concern with preservation of medicinal remedies to the continuity or otherwise of traditions of knowledge and understanding of plants as medicines. This seminar will incorporate talks on doing research, relating past and present practice, practical aspects of preservation, and continuities of herbal knowledge.


DAY SEMINAR PROGRAMME INCLUDES:
  • Early medieval herbal formulations: Are we missing something? (Dr Frances Watkins, Herbal History Research Network) 
  • Traditional remedies and modern science: A Russian-German project from the 1880s. (Professor Vivian Nutton, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University) 
  • The medico-botanical world of a 1598 Italian manuscript: Traditional knowledge in the past and present. (Dr Raffaella Bruzzone, University of Nottingham) 
  • Preservation matters: Exploring historical recipes in a practical sense. (Christina Stapley, Weald and Downland Open Air Museum) 
  • What books might herbalists have used in mid-Victorian Britain? (Alison Denham, Herbal History Research Network)

ABOUT THE HERBAL HISTORY RESEARCH NETWORK The Herbal History Research Network brings together historical researchers, medical herbalists and others who are active in exploring the history of herbal medicine. The Network aims to promote further research and encourages applications from postgraduate students who wish to submit a poster abstract (250 words) to email Frances Watkins at f.watkins596@gmail.com by 28 February 2017. Students who are successful in their application will be offered free attendance to the event and will be entered for an award for the best presentation.


REGISTRATION

Advance booking for this event is essential (earlybird discount available for booking before March 2017).

Full programme and registration form at http://events.history.ac.uk/event/show/15497